基于程恩富关于资源与需要双约束假设下的节约分析

Translated title of the contribution: An Analysis on Thrift Based on Cheng En-fu’s Dual Constraint Hypothesis of Resources and Demand

蔡 华杰

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Scarcity hypothesis is the resource of economics' thrift issue, In order to overcome the scarcity of resources, the Western mainstream economists require use resources efficiently, rationally, optimally, on the one hand, consume less goods and services, on the other hand. The former can improve the efficiency of resources’use, but the resources are still consumed, and the latter will result in asceticism and poverty.
Actually, the scarcity of resources is not absolute, it depends on human needs, which
should constraint economic activity, therefore, it is reasonable to change from scarcity hypothesis to dual constraint hypothesis. The essay answers the question "what's the real thrift" based on Cheng En-fu's dual constraint hypothesis, that is, use and allocate resources optimizely and efficiently by technology and market mechanisms, on the one hand, control the total production and produce high quality goads, raise the income of low-income groups, narrow the wealth gap, enhance the effective demand and consummg power.
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)25-37
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Economics of Shanghai School
Volume12
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Resources
Thrifts
Scarcity
Human needs
Economics
Low income
Market mechanism
Income
Resource use
Economists
Wealth
Poverty
Economic activity
Effective demand

Keywords

  • Dual Constraint Hypothesis
  • Scarcity Hypothesis Thrift

Cite this

基于程恩富关于资源与需要双约束假设下的节约分析. / 蔡华杰.

In: Journal of Economics of Shanghai School, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2014, p. 25-37.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "稀缺性假设是经济学研究节约问题的源起。为了克服资源的稀缺性,西方主流经济学家一方面要求高效、合理、优化利用资源以实现节约,这样一种节约观可以提高资源的利用效率,但资源依旧处于不断消耗中;另一方面要求人们消费较少物品和服务以实现节约,这样一种节约观又会产生禁欲主义和贫穷异化。其实,资源的稀缺性并不是绝对的,随着需要的变化,资源的稀缺性就会相应发生变化,人类的需要理应对经济活动造成一定的约束,从稀缺性假设走向资源与需要双约束假设就理所当然。本文正是基于程恩富双约束假设的理论,重新思考了{"}什么才是真正的节约{"},即一方面要通过科技和市场机制的手段高效利用和优化配置资源,以较少和优化配置的资源产出较多的...",
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KW - 节约

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