剩余价值二重性与社会主义市场经济

生产力与生产关系的视角

Translated title of the contribution: Duality of Surplus Value and Socialist Market Economy: In the Perspective of Productive Forces and Relations of Production

段 学慧, 刘 丹

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The productive forces and the relations of production comprise the basic category of historical Materialism and Marxist political economics and embody the two aspects or the duality of the material goods production, which refers to the relationship between the human beings and the nature and the economic relationships among the people. The study of the duality of surplus value in the perspective of productive forces and the relations of production shows: surplus value is a general category of commodity economy,which is both the result of the development of productive forces and the motivation to promote the development of productive forces; the attribute of surplus value in the view of production relations is determined by the ownership property of the production means. The basic economic system in the primary stage of socialism is compatible with the commodity economy and the public ownership of socialism is also compatible with commodity economy. Therefore, in the primary stage of socialism, the surplus value should be fully taken use of to develop the productive forces and the commodity economy should be well developed to emancipate and develop the
productive forces; the government should adhere to the mainstay of the public ownership in the economy, increase its capacity to leverage the economy,expand the scope of public ownership and its influence and give play to the leadership of the state-owned capital; the government should increase the proportion of the profits handed in by the state-owned enterprises and increase the proportion of the labor income, thus to promote the social interests as a whole and the social justice. In the meanwhile, the government should strengthen the supervision over the private sector of the economy, develop the good aspects of the private capital and abandon its bad aspects.
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)22-36
Number of pages15
Journal海派经济学
Volume15
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Surplus value
Duality
Market economy
Commodities
Government
Socialism
Public ownership
Proportion
Economics
Ownership
Private sector
Leverage
Supervision
Social justice
Labor income
Nature
State-owned enterprises
Economic systems
Materialism
Political economics

Keywords

  • Surplus Labor
  • Surplus Value
  • Duality
  • Productive forces
  • Relations of Production
  • Ownership of the Production Means
  • State-owned Capital
  • Private Capital

Cite this

剩余价值二重性与社会主义市场经济 : 生产力与生产关系的视角. / 段学慧; 刘丹.

In: 海派经济学, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2017, p. 22-36.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "生产力与生产关系是唯物史观和马克思主义政治经济学的基本范畴,是物质资料生产的两个方面或二重性,即人与自然的关系和人与人的经济关系的体现。从生产力与生产关系二重性的视角对剩余价值二重性的分析表明:剩余价值是商品经济的一般范畴,它既是生产力发展的结果,又是促进生产力发展的动力;剩余价值的生产关系属性是由生产资料所有制性质决定的。社会主义初级阶段的基本经济制度与商品经济是相容的,社会主义公有制与商品经济也是相容的。因此,在社会主义初级阶段,要充分发挥剩余价值对生产力的促进作用,发展商品经济以解放生产力、发展生产力;坚持公有制的主体地位,提高公有制的控制力,扩大公有制的范围和影响力,发挥公有资本的主导作用,提高国有企业利润上交公有财政的比例,提高劳动收入的比重,从而提高社会整体利益和社会公平。同时,要加强对私有制经济的监管,扬私有资本之长,弃私有资本之恶。",
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