全球财富的贫富分化及其负效应

Translated title of the contribution: Global wealth gap between rich and poor and its negative

焦 方义

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

There are varying degrees of wealth differentiation problemsin developing and developed countries, this situation directly or indirectly leads to serious economic development and social problems in these country. This article will explain wealth differentiation in major countries using the Gini coefficient and Quintile, analysis the reasons of income gap and wealth differentiation and highlight the negative effects. Although the problems caused by the differentiation of the wealth are different,but the basic can be attributed to the economic recession and the volatility of the economic growth. Finally we conclude that the market can make some of the people
and regions get rich first. But market-oriented which leave correct and effective intervention will inevitably lead to market failure effect amplification, income gap, unbalanced development, lack of coordination and unsustainable highlights. Only through the recycling of the mode of economic development, world economic structure could completely get out of the recession. After the global financial tsunami triggered by the U. S. subprime mortgage crisis in 2008,the world economy has encountered difficulties and the economic growth rate significantly fell. Depth fermentation, followed by the European sovereign debt crisis continues to drag on the economic growth of the whole of Europe and the, world. We think that the international financial crisis,the European debt crisis for many reasons, the fundamental reason is caused by the inherent contradictions of capitalism and the commodity economy, reflected the negative effect of the wealth divide between rich and poor, one side is the accumulation of wealth, and the other side is the accumulation of poverty, uncoordinated income structure and consumption structure and the structure of supply interruption of economic growth is inevitable.
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)94-106
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Economics of Shanghai School
Volume10
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Wealth
Economic growth
Economic development
Recession
Income gap
Financial crisis
Economic structure
Capitalism
Income poverty
Sovereign debt crises
Commodities
Amplification
Social problems
Fermentation
Market failure
Gini coefficient
Interruption
Tsunami
World economy
Subprime mortgages

Keywords

  • Gap Between the Rich and the Poor
  • Negative Effect
  • Financial crisis
  • European Debt Crisis
  • the Middle-income
  • Trap

Cite this

全球财富的贫富分化及其负效应. / 焦方义.

In: Journal of Economics of Shanghai School, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2012, p. 94-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

焦方义. / 全球财富的贫富分化及其负效应. In: Journal of Economics of Shanghai School. 2012 ; Vol. 10, No. 4. pp. 94-106.
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title = "全球财富的贫富分化及其负效应",
abstract = "综观今日世界,发展中国家和发达国家均存在着不同程度的财富分化问题,而这一现状直接或间接导致了世界上各个经济体不断暴露出严重的经济发展问题和社会问题。本文将阐述世界上主要国家财富分化的现状,用基尼系数和五等分方法展现主要国家财富分化的现实;分析各国收入差距扩大和财富分化的原因;重点阐述贫富分化的负效应一经济衰退和经济增长的波动,虽然各国贫富分化所导致的问题各有不同,但基本可以归结为经济衰退和经济增长的波动。最后得出结论:市场化可以使一部分人和地区先富起来,可以实现经济快速增长,但是离开国家正确有效干预的市场化必然导致市场失效效应放大,收入差距扩大,发展不平衡、不协调、不可持续问题凸显。只有通过经...",
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