应当如何理解共产主义不是“人类发展的终点”?

马克思《1844年经济学——哲学手稿》中译文辨析

Translated title of the contribution: How to Understand that Communism is Not "the End of Human Development": Analysis on the translation of Several Paragraphs in Marx's Economics Philosophy Manuscript in 1844

许 兴亚

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Abstract

Since the beginning of the 1840s, Karl Marx has already completed his transformation from the radical democratic revolutionaries to a communist In Economics Philosophy Manuscript in 1844, he points out that each type of communist movement has a common characteristic, that is, they are not the "passive" development or criticism of the private property, but are all "positive", that is, to replace the private property characterized by the opposition of capital and labor with the "common" or "publicly owned" property instead of with "universal private property". As an accomplished communism, its differentiation from the early crude "communism" lies not in whether to replace the private property with public property, but in other aspects. As the positive development of private property, communism is an actual tache necessary for the next stage of historical development in the process of human emancipation and rehabilitation. Communism is also a necessary form and effective principle of the immediate future. But it isn't limited to this yet Marx did not say that "communism is not the goal of human development or the form of human society. It must be carefully differentiated and analyzed.
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)53-68
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Economics of Shanghai School
Volume5
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

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private property
communism
economics
emancipation
historical development
rehabilitation
opposition
criticism
philosophy
labor

Keywords

  • communism
  • public property
  • human development

Cite this

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abstract = "马克思在19世纪40年代初完成了从激进的革命民主主义向共产主义者的转变。他在《1844年经济学哲学手稿》中指出:各种不同的共产主义运动,都具有一个共同的特点,即都不是对于私有财产的{"}消极{"}的扬弃或批判,而是对于私有财产的{"}积极{"}的扬弃,即要用{"}共同的{"}或{"}公有的{"}财产来取代以资本和劳动的对立为特征的私有财产,而不是要用{"}普遍的私有财产{"}来取代它。共产主义作为{"}完成的共产主义{"},它与早期的、粗陋的{"}共产主义{"}的区别,不在于是否要用公有财产来取代私有财产,而在于其他方面。共产主义作为对私有财产的积极的扬弃,是人的解放和复原的一个现实的、对下一段历史发展说来是必然的环节,也是最近将来的必然的形态和有...",
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volume = "5",
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journal = "Journal of Economics of Shanghai School",
publisher = "上海财经大学海派经济学研究中心",
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T2 - 马克思《1844年经济学——哲学手稿》中译文辨析

AU - 许, 兴亚

PY - 2007

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N2 - 马克思在19世纪40年代初完成了从激进的革命民主主义向共产主义者的转变。他在《1844年经济学哲学手稿》中指出:各种不同的共产主义运动,都具有一个共同的特点,即都不是对于私有财产的"消极"的扬弃或批判,而是对于私有财产的"积极"的扬弃,即要用"共同的"或"公有的"财产来取代以资本和劳动的对立为特征的私有财产,而不是要用"普遍的私有财产"来取代它。共产主义作为"完成的共产主义",它与早期的、粗陋的"共产主义"的区别,不在于是否要用公有财产来取代私有财产,而在于其他方面。共产主义作为对私有财产的积极的扬弃,是人的解放和复原的一个现实的、对下一段历史发展说来是必然的环节,也是最近将来的必然的形态和有...

AB - 马克思在19世纪40年代初完成了从激进的革命民主主义向共产主义者的转变。他在《1844年经济学哲学手稿》中指出:各种不同的共产主义运动,都具有一个共同的特点,即都不是对于私有财产的"消极"的扬弃或批判,而是对于私有财产的"积极"的扬弃,即要用"共同的"或"公有的"财产来取代以资本和劳动的对立为特征的私有财产,而不是要用"普遍的私有财产"来取代它。共产主义作为"完成的共产主义",它与早期的、粗陋的"共产主义"的区别,不在于是否要用公有财产来取代私有财产,而在于其他方面。共产主义作为对私有财产的积极的扬弃,是人的解放和复原的一个现实的、对下一段历史发展说来是必然的环节,也是最近将来的必然的形态和有...

KW - communism

KW - public property

KW - human development

KW - 共产主义

KW - 公有财产

KW - 人类发展

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JO - Journal of Economics of Shanghai School

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