泰国省际差异、趋同性及其对贫困问题的影响

Translated title of the contribution: Provincial Disparities,Convergence and Effects on Poverty in Thailand

利潘昂达 苏潘纳达, 童 珊 (Translator)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Thailand’s rapid economic development brought about remarkable wealth and poverty reduction over the past three decades. However, problem of inequality continues to challenge Thailand’s development process. The country has long been known for its concentration of growth in and around Bangkok. This uneven development seems to persist until today, which contradicts the neoclassical theory of long-run convergence. Although there is a large pool of studies on inequality and poverty in Thailand, those focusing on geographical dimension have been limited. This paper therefore aims at filling this empirical gap. It focuses mainly on Gross Provincial Product (GDP)-per-capita disparities across provinces of Thailand over the past two decades. Williamson's population-weighted coefficients of variation are employed as a measure of disparities. By utilizing the Barro and Sala-i-Martin model, it also investigates the evidence of provincial income convergence along with provincial-growth determinants. Finally, the disparities in poverty and the extent to which provincial growth translates into poverty reduction are analyzed. The findings suggest that per capita GDP disparities widened over time. No evidence of convergence is found, particularly in the post-crisis period. The analysis on growth determinants suggest that the widening GDP per capita disparities was mainly due to the concentration of industrial sector in only few provinces. These widening GDP per capita disparities seem to also cause poverty disparities across provinces to widen. Finally, poverty-determinant regression indicates that although per capita GDP growth reduces poverty rate, income inequality increases it. In the post-crisis period, the inequality elasticity of poverty was much larger than growth elasticity of poverty. As a result, provinces with higher per capita GDP as well as higher inequality would not see their poverty rates declining. This clearly suggests policies on regional development and inequality reduction should be seriously implemented in order to narrow the disparities in Thailand.
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)72-96
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Economics of Shanghai School
Volume12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Thailand
Poverty
Per capita GDP
GDP per capita
Poverty reduction
Elasticity
Neoclassical theory
Uneven development
Regional inequality
Income convergence
Economic development
Coefficient of variation
Income inequality
Development process
Regional development
Wealth
GDP growth
Industrial sector

Keywords

  • Thailand
  • Provincial Disparities
  • Convergence Poverty

Cite this

利潘昂达苏潘纳达, & 童珊, (TRANS.) (2014). 泰国省际差异、趋同性及其对贫困问题的影响. Journal of Economics of Shanghai School, 12(1), 72-96.

泰国省际差异、趋同性及其对贫困问题的影响. / 利潘昂达苏潘纳达; 童珊 (Translator).

In: Journal of Economics of Shanghai School, Vol. 12, No. 1, 2014, p. 72-96.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

利潘昂达苏潘纳达 ; 童珊. / 泰国省际差异、趋同性及其对贫困问题的影响. In: Journal of Economics of Shanghai School. 2014 ; Vol. 12, No. 1. pp. 72-96.
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abstract = "近30年来,泰国经济迅速发展,国内财富大量增加,贫困状况也日益改善。然而,泰国仍被不公平的问题困扰着。长久以来,泰国的发展集中在首都曼谷及其周围地区,违背了长期发展会趋同的新古典主义理论。尽管之前有大量关于泰国贫困和不均衡现象的研究,但这些研究关注的地域层面很有限且未进行实证研究,因而具有局限性。本文则致力于弥补这方面的不足。本文着重考察过去20年中,泰国各省在省人均生产总值(GDP)方面的差异,使用了威廉姆森的人口加权变异系数来衡量这些差异。本文还利用巴罗和萨拉伊马丁模型研究了各省收入趋同的证据和收入增长的决定因素,最后分析了各省贫困状况的差异,以及各省的经济增长在何种程度上减少了贫困。研究...",
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AB - 近30年来,泰国经济迅速发展,国内财富大量增加,贫困状况也日益改善。然而,泰国仍被不公平的问题困扰着。长久以来,泰国的发展集中在首都曼谷及其周围地区,违背了长期发展会趋同的新古典主义理论。尽管之前有大量关于泰国贫困和不均衡现象的研究,但这些研究关注的地域层面很有限且未进行实证研究,因而具有局限性。本文则致力于弥补这方面的不足。本文着重考察过去20年中,泰国各省在省人均生产总值(GDP)方面的差异,使用了威廉姆森的人口加权变异系数来衡量这些差异。本文还利用巴罗和萨拉伊马丁模型研究了各省收入趋同的证据和收入增长的决定因素,最后分析了各省贫困状况的差异,以及各省的经济增长在何种程度上减少了贫困。研究...

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