"SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AFTER A SOCIALIST REVOLUTION"

Wadi'h Halabi, Richard Levins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

"After a socialist revolution, scientific development of agricultural productivity is one of the new state’s most important yet difficult tasks. Obstacles include poverty and the opposition between city and countryside inherited from capitalism. The land reform so essential for the revolution’s victory creates millions of small landholdings which are ultimately incompatible with environmentally and socially sustainable development. Scientific development of agriculture requires social planning based on ecological principles and primarily non-exploitative organizational forms and relations. Ecological principles require
that land use be a mosaic that includes forest, pasture as well as field crops. A poor peasant household cannot afford to devote half its holdings to forest or to grow less profitable crops for the benefit of neighbors. Ecological principles will also be violated if land can be bought, sold and diverted to non-agricultural uses without planning. Where individual holdings prevail, state-supported cooperatives can open the path to scientific development. Starting with cooperative purchasing, followed by cooperative credit and then selling, these sequential steps, each voluntary, can facilitate the transition from individual farming
to cooperative production. As in all spheres, the contending social, economic, and environmental forces shaping agriculture are all ultimately global. The fundamental interests of the two global classes are profoundly opposed. Workers’ parties and unions in capitalist countries have the same interests as the states
formed by socialist revolutions in scientific development."
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-314
Number of pages10
JournalWorld Review of Political Economy
Volume1
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Fingerprint

agriculture
landholding
productivity
crop
land reform
capitalism
pasture
poverty
sustainable development
land use
economics
planning
mosaic
credit
household
city
land

Keywords

  • scientific development
  • agriculture
  • ecological principles
  • class interests
  • Marxism

Cite this

"SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AFTER A SOCIALIST REVOLUTION". / Halabi, Wadi'h; Levins, Richard .

In: World Review of Political Economy, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2010, p. 305-314.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{adda534308db48c6ab15ae790b71d8e9,
title = "{"}SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AFTER A SOCIALIST REVOLUTION{"}",
abstract = "{"}After a socialist revolution, scientific development of agricultural productivity is one of the new state’s most important yet difficult tasks. Obstacles include poverty and the opposition between city and countryside inherited from capitalism. The land reform so essential for the revolution’s victory creates millions of small landholdings which are ultimately incompatible with environmentally and socially sustainable development. Scientific development of agriculture requires social planning based on ecological principles and primarily non-exploitative organizational forms and relations. Ecological principles requirethat land use be a mosaic that includes forest, pasture as well as field crops. A poor peasant household cannot afford to devote half its holdings to forest or to grow less profitable crops for the benefit of neighbors. Ecological principles will also be violated if land can be bought, sold and diverted to non-agricultural uses without planning. Where individual holdings prevail, state-supported cooperatives can open the path to scientific development. Starting with cooperative purchasing, followed by cooperative credit and then selling, these sequential steps, each voluntary, can facilitate the transition from individual farmingto cooperative production. As in all spheres, the contending social, economic, and environmental forces shaping agriculture are all ultimately global. The fundamental interests of the two global classes are profoundly opposed. Workers’ parties and unions in capitalist countries have the same interests as the statesformed by socialist revolutions in scientific development.{"}",
keywords = "scientific development, agriculture, ecological principles, class interests, Marxism",
author = "Wadi'h Halabi and Richard Levins",
year = "2010",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
pages = "305--314",
journal = "World Review of Political Economy",
issn = "2042-891X",
publisher = "Pluto Journals",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - "SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AFTER A SOCIALIST REVOLUTION"

AU - Halabi, Wadi'h

AU - Levins, Richard

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - "After a socialist revolution, scientific development of agricultural productivity is one of the new state’s most important yet difficult tasks. Obstacles include poverty and the opposition between city and countryside inherited from capitalism. The land reform so essential for the revolution’s victory creates millions of small landholdings which are ultimately incompatible with environmentally and socially sustainable development. Scientific development of agriculture requires social planning based on ecological principles and primarily non-exploitative organizational forms and relations. Ecological principles requirethat land use be a mosaic that includes forest, pasture as well as field crops. A poor peasant household cannot afford to devote half its holdings to forest or to grow less profitable crops for the benefit of neighbors. Ecological principles will also be violated if land can be bought, sold and diverted to non-agricultural uses without planning. Where individual holdings prevail, state-supported cooperatives can open the path to scientific development. Starting with cooperative purchasing, followed by cooperative credit and then selling, these sequential steps, each voluntary, can facilitate the transition from individual farmingto cooperative production. As in all spheres, the contending social, economic, and environmental forces shaping agriculture are all ultimately global. The fundamental interests of the two global classes are profoundly opposed. Workers’ parties and unions in capitalist countries have the same interests as the statesformed by socialist revolutions in scientific development."

AB - "After a socialist revolution, scientific development of agricultural productivity is one of the new state’s most important yet difficult tasks. Obstacles include poverty and the opposition between city and countryside inherited from capitalism. The land reform so essential for the revolution’s victory creates millions of small landholdings which are ultimately incompatible with environmentally and socially sustainable development. Scientific development of agriculture requires social planning based on ecological principles and primarily non-exploitative organizational forms and relations. Ecological principles requirethat land use be a mosaic that includes forest, pasture as well as field crops. A poor peasant household cannot afford to devote half its holdings to forest or to grow less profitable crops for the benefit of neighbors. Ecological principles will also be violated if land can be bought, sold and diverted to non-agricultural uses without planning. Where individual holdings prevail, state-supported cooperatives can open the path to scientific development. Starting with cooperative purchasing, followed by cooperative credit and then selling, these sequential steps, each voluntary, can facilitate the transition from individual farmingto cooperative production. As in all spheres, the contending social, economic, and environmental forces shaping agriculture are all ultimately global. The fundamental interests of the two global classes are profoundly opposed. Workers’ parties and unions in capitalist countries have the same interests as the statesformed by socialist revolutions in scientific development."

KW - scientific development

KW - agriculture

KW - ecological principles

KW - class interests

KW - Marxism

M3 - Article

VL - 1

SP - 305

EP - 314

JO - World Review of Political Economy

JF - World Review of Political Economy

SN - 2042-891X

IS - 2

ER -