剩余价值积累、人口增长及利润率递减

Translated title of the contribution: Surplus Value Accumulation, Population and Falling Rate of Profit

Christian Lagarde, Xiaoqin Ding (Translator)

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Abstract

This paper analyses the Iaw of the tendency of the rate of profit to fall from a perspective based on the tension between surplus value accumulation and the growth in available labour. After having shown that the standard version of this law does not allow to infer in a logical way the rise of the organic composition of capital, it focuses the analysis on the distribution of the accumulated surplus value between additional constant capital and additional variable capital. With this as a starting point, it assesses to which degree economics are efficient in the use of the constant capital regarding the level of the organic composition.The counteracting tendencies will be organically articulated regarding the tendency to fall. A dynamic model of the accumulation of the surplus value makes it possible to analyses the effects that a growing rate of the surplus value and of the depreciation of the capital have on the rate of profit. Finally, this paper deals with the intervention of State in what regards the very existence of the law. It successively deals with:the influence of State over surplus value accumulation, the non realisation by State of the labour supplied by the workers of the public sector and the non realisation of the labour that is realised in collective means of production; the non productive public expenditures as required labour.
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)105-120
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Economics of Shanghai School
Volume1
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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Keywords

  • organic
  • composition of capital
  • surplus value accumulation
  • available labour
  • population growth
  • falling rate of profit

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