剩余价值积累、人口增长及利润率递减

Translated title of the contribution: Surplus Value Accumulation, Population and Falling Rate of Profit

Christian Lagarde, Xiaoqin Ding (Translator)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper analyses the Iaw of the tendency of the rate of profit to fall from a perspective based on the tension between surplus value accumulation and the growth in available labour. After having shown that the standard version of this law does not allow to infer in a logical way the rise of the organic composition of capital, it focuses the analysis on the distribution of the accumulated surplus value between additional constant capital and additional variable capital. With this as a starting point, it assesses to which degree economics are efficient in the use of the constant capital regarding the level of the organic composition.The counteracting tendencies will be organically articulated regarding the tendency to fall. A dynamic model of the accumulation of the surplus value makes it possible to analyses the effects that a growing rate of the surplus value and of the depreciation of the capital have on the rate of profit. Finally, this paper deals with the intervention of State in what regards the very existence of the law. It successively deals with:the influence of State over surplus value accumulation, the non realisation by State of the labour supplied by the workers of the public sector and the non realisation of the labour that is realised in collective means of production; the non productive public expenditures as required labour.
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)105-120
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Economics of Shanghai School
Volume1
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Fingerprint

Rate of profit
Surplus value
Labor
Workers
Economics
Public sector
Public expenditure
Depreciation
Logic

Keywords

  • organic
  • composition of capital
  • surplus value accumulation
  • available labour
  • population growth
  • falling rate of profit

Cite this

剩余价值积累、人口增长及利润率递减. / Lagarde, Christian; Ding, Xiaoqin (Translator).

In: Journal of Economics of Shanghai School, Vol. 1, No. 3, 2003, p. 105-120.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{6114ecb5cc2b47ae83c9d94c864c30f9,
title = "剩余价值积累、人口增长及利润率递减",
abstract = "本文从剩余价值积累和有效劳动增长之间张力的角度出发,分析了利润率递减规律。本文首先说明了根据该规律的标准解释在逻辑上不能推出资本有机构成的提高,然后集中分析了累积剩余资本在附加不变资本和附加可交资本之间的分配,并以此为起点,分析了在不变资本的使用上,资本有机构成应在什么水平上经济才是有效率的。本文将利润率递减与其相反趋势有机联系起来,用剩余价值积累的一个动态模型来分析剩余价值增长率与资本折旧率对利润率的影响。本文最后讨论了有关利润率下降规律方面的国家干预,并分别探讨了:国家对剩余价值积累的影响,国家不能实现的公共部门工人提供的劳动及其在集体生产方式下的实现,作为必要劳动的非生产性公共开支。",
keywords = "organic, composition of capital, surplus value accumulation, available labour, population growth, falling rate of profit, 资本有机构成, 剩余价值积累, 有效劳动, 人口增长, 利润率递减",
author = "Christian Lagarde and Xiaoqin Ding",
year = "2003",
language = "Chinese (Simplified)",
volume = "1",
pages = "105--120",
journal = "Journal of Economics of Shanghai School",
publisher = "上海财经大学海派经济学研究中心",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - 剩余价值积累、人口增长及利润率递减

AU - Lagarde, Christian

A2 - Ding, Xiaoqin

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - 本文从剩余价值积累和有效劳动增长之间张力的角度出发,分析了利润率递减规律。本文首先说明了根据该规律的标准解释在逻辑上不能推出资本有机构成的提高,然后集中分析了累积剩余资本在附加不变资本和附加可交资本之间的分配,并以此为起点,分析了在不变资本的使用上,资本有机构成应在什么水平上经济才是有效率的。本文将利润率递减与其相反趋势有机联系起来,用剩余价值积累的一个动态模型来分析剩余价值增长率与资本折旧率对利润率的影响。本文最后讨论了有关利润率下降规律方面的国家干预,并分别探讨了:国家对剩余价值积累的影响,国家不能实现的公共部门工人提供的劳动及其在集体生产方式下的实现,作为必要劳动的非生产性公共开支。

AB - 本文从剩余价值积累和有效劳动增长之间张力的角度出发,分析了利润率递减规律。本文首先说明了根据该规律的标准解释在逻辑上不能推出资本有机构成的提高,然后集中分析了累积剩余资本在附加不变资本和附加可交资本之间的分配,并以此为起点,分析了在不变资本的使用上,资本有机构成应在什么水平上经济才是有效率的。本文将利润率递减与其相反趋势有机联系起来,用剩余价值积累的一个动态模型来分析剩余价值增长率与资本折旧率对利润率的影响。本文最后讨论了有关利润率下降规律方面的国家干预,并分别探讨了:国家对剩余价值积累的影响,国家不能实现的公共部门工人提供的劳动及其在集体生产方式下的实现,作为必要劳动的非生产性公共开支。

KW - organic

KW - composition of capital

KW - surplus value accumulation

KW - available labour

KW - population growth

KW - falling rate of profit

KW - 资本有机构成

KW - 剩余价值积累

KW - 有效劳动

KW - 人口增长

KW - 利润率递减

M3 - 文章

VL - 1

SP - 105

EP - 120

JO - Journal of Economics of Shanghai School

JF - Journal of Economics of Shanghai School

IS - 3

ER -