农村剩余劳动力迁移动因的实证分析

Translated title of the contribution: The Empirical Analysis of the Rural Residual Labor Forces' Migration in China

刘 文可

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

There is a great amount of labor surplus in Chinese rural areas. The transfer of them is now a great challenge. In 2005,shortage of rural labor supply existed all over the Pearl River Delta, which used to be the main destination of rural labors’migration, and elsewhere. What are the main internal and external reasons for the situation? This paper, focusing on the trans一regional migration, tries to make a preliminary exploration on that. Based on the presumption of self-interested person, the paper employs an econometric method of linear logit model to carry on the analysis. A principle source of data is the fifth national census in 2000. The analysis shows that factors like cultivated land per capita, education, productivity of agriculture, distance, etc. have notable influence on the trans-regional migration of surplus labor in rural areas.
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)140-150
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Economics of Shanghai School
Volume5
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

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labor force
rural area
migration
labor
China
labor supply
linear model
econometrics
census
productivity
agriculture
human being
education

Keywords

  • rural residual labor forces
  • trans-regional migration
  • linear
  • logit model

Cite this

农村剩余劳动力迁移动因的实证分析. / 刘文可.

In: Journal of Economics of Shanghai School, Vol. 5, No. 4, 2007, p. 140-150.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "我国农村的剩余劳动力数量庞大,如何顺利转移是当前的一个重要课题。改革开放后,大批农村劳动力涌入城市,珠江三角洲一度形成令人担忧的{"}民工潮{"},但2005年开始又出现民工短缺现象,其原因引人深思。本文将农民作为市场经济的理性主体,利用第五次人口普查的数据,使用线性化的logit模型,对影响农村劳动力跨省迁移的概率和流向等因素进行实证分析。结果表明,迁出地的人均耕地、劳动者受教育状况、农业劳动生产率、城镇居民收入、以及两地距离等对农村劳动力的跨省迁移具有显著影响。",
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