新古典市场价格理论的缺陷与马克思市场价格理论基础的构建(上篇)

Translated title of the contribution: The New-classical Flaws of Market Price Theory and the Building of Marxist price Theory

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The new-classical productive function has some flaws, for example, it doesn't tell us how to measure capital, and the question of existence of the function. The utility function has the flaw of measuring utility. Because of the two theoretical flaws, the new-classical price theory is not perfect, the reasoning of supply curve and demand curve lacks theoretical base.This essay gives the supply curve on the base of variable labor value theory, and gives the demand curve on the base of social utility labor equilibrium, the two curves are the theoretical bases for market price theory. Then the author begins to build Marxist market price theory. Short-term equilibrium price is the express of margin labor consumption, long-term equilibrium price is the money express of average branch labor consumption. That is to say, long-term equilibrium price is the express of social necessary labor time of producing goods.
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)3-8+73
Number of pages7
Journal当代经济研究
Issue number02
Publication statusPublished - 2004

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Market price
Labor
Price theory
Equilibrium price
Demand curve
Utility function
Social utility
Value theory
Margin

Keywords

  • New-classical
  • Marx
  • Labor consumption function
  • Production function
  • Price

Cite this

新古典市场价格理论的缺陷与马克思市场价格理论基础的构建(上篇). / Bai, Baoli.

In: 当代经济研究, No. 02, 2004, p. 3-8+73.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "目前 ,新古典生产函数存在着“资本度量与新古典生产函数的存在性问题” ,效用函数存在着“效用的度量问题” ;正是这两个理论缺陷使得供给曲线和需求曲线的推导缺乏坚实的科学基础 ,从而使得新古典市场价格理论这个庞然大物成为一个泥足巨人。本文在变量劳动价值理论基础上推导出供给曲线 ,从社会效用劳动均衡推导出需求曲线 ,为市场价格理论提供科学的基础 ,在此基础上 ,构建马克思的市场价格理论 ,并且说明 :短期市场均衡价格是边际劳动耗费的表现形式 ,长期市场均衡价格是部门平均劳动耗费的货币表现形式 ,即生产商品的社会必要劳动时间的表现形式。",
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