中国对外直接投资的逆向技术溢出效应

基于分行业面板数据的实证研究

Translated title of the contribution: The Reverse Technology Spillover Effect of China‘s OFDI: Empirical Study Based on Panel Data by Sector

Fei Guo, 李 冉

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

This thesis use non-parametric data envelopment analysis and Malmquist index method to calculate the TFP (Total factor productivity) and its decomposing index(Technical Efficiency Change, TEC and Technical Change, TO of every Chinese OFDI industries, and then make regression analysis with domestic R&D expense and foreign R&D expense of every OFDI industries. The following conclusions are drawn: OFDI has positive reverse technology spillover effect; the second industry has more robust effect than the third industry, and the effect on TFP of the second industry mainly derives from Technical Change but the positive effect of the third industry mainly comes from Technical Efficiency Change. Therefore, in order to improve the reverse technology spillover effect of OFDI, we should increase the foreign investment in high-tech industries, improve the technological absorption capacity of enterprises and promote the upgrading of the industrial structure in China.
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)59-67
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Economics of Shanghai School
Volume10
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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Technology spillovers
Spillover effects
Panel data
Empirical study
China
Industry
Technical change
Efficiency change
Expenses
Technical efficiency
Total factor productivity
High-tech industry
Regression analysis
Foreign investment
Upgrading
Malmquist index
Industrial structure
Data envelopment analysis

Keywords

  • OFDI
  • TFP
  • TEC
  • TC
  • Reverse Technology Spillover

Cite this

中国对外直接投资的逆向技术溢出效应 : 基于分行业面板数据的实证研究 . / Guo, Fei; 李冉.

In: Journal of Economics of Shanghai School, Vol. 10, No. 3, 2012, p. 59-67.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "中国对外直接投资的逆向技术溢出效应: 基于分行业面板数据的实证研究",
abstract = "对采用非参数数据包络分析Malmquist指数法计算的中国对外直接投资各行业全要素生产率及其分解指数(技术效率变化指数和技术水平变化指数),与国内各行业研发支出存量和通过对外直接投资获取的国外各行业研发支出存量进行面板数据的回归分析,得到结论:中国对外直接投资存在积极的逆向技术溢出效应,其中第二产业的逆向技术溢出效应较第三产业更强;第二产业对外直接投资对全要素生产率的提高主要源于技术进步,第三产业对外直接投资对全要素生产率的促进作用主要源于技术效率的提升。要提高我国对外直接投资逆向技术溢出效应,就应加大我国企业对境外高技术行业的投资力度,提高我国企业的技术吸收能力,促进我国产业结构优化升级。",
keywords = "OFDI, TFP, TEC , TC, Reverse Technology Spillover, 对外直接投资, 逆向技术溢出, 技术进步, 技术效率, 全要素生产率",
author = "Fei Guo and 冉 李",
year = "2012",
language = "Chinese (Simplified)",
volume = "10",
pages = "59--67",
journal = "Journal of Economics of Shanghai School",
publisher = "上海财经大学海派经济学研究中心",
number = "3",

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T1 - 中国对外直接投资的逆向技术溢出效应

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AU - Guo, Fei

AU - 李, 冉

PY - 2012

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N2 - 对采用非参数数据包络分析Malmquist指数法计算的中国对外直接投资各行业全要素生产率及其分解指数(技术效率变化指数和技术水平变化指数),与国内各行业研发支出存量和通过对外直接投资获取的国外各行业研发支出存量进行面板数据的回归分析,得到结论:中国对外直接投资存在积极的逆向技术溢出效应,其中第二产业的逆向技术溢出效应较第三产业更强;第二产业对外直接投资对全要素生产率的提高主要源于技术进步,第三产业对外直接投资对全要素生产率的促进作用主要源于技术效率的提升。要提高我国对外直接投资逆向技术溢出效应,就应加大我国企业对境外高技术行业的投资力度,提高我国企业的技术吸收能力,促进我国产业结构优化升级。

AB - 对采用非参数数据包络分析Malmquist指数法计算的中国对外直接投资各行业全要素生产率及其分解指数(技术效率变化指数和技术水平变化指数),与国内各行业研发支出存量和通过对外直接投资获取的国外各行业研发支出存量进行面板数据的回归分析,得到结论:中国对外直接投资存在积极的逆向技术溢出效应,其中第二产业的逆向技术溢出效应较第三产业更强;第二产业对外直接投资对全要素生产率的提高主要源于技术进步,第三产业对外直接投资对全要素生产率的促进作用主要源于技术效率的提升。要提高我国对外直接投资逆向技术溢出效应,就应加大我国企业对境外高技术行业的投资力度,提高我国企业的技术吸收能力,促进我国产业结构优化升级。

KW - OFDI

KW - TFP

KW - TEC

KW - TC

KW - Reverse Technology Spillover

KW - 对外直接投资

KW - 逆向技术溢出

KW - 技术进步

KW - 技术效率

KW - 全要素生产率

M3 - 文章

VL - 10

SP - 59

EP - 67

JO - Journal of Economics of Shanghai School

JF - Journal of Economics of Shanghai School

IS - 3

ER -