目的因与形式因的张力:新形势下资本主义、社会主义与市场经济关系辨证

Translated title of the contribution: The Tension between Aim and Means: On Relation among Capitalism, Socialism and Market in the New Situation

夏 国军

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

"Capitalism","socialism"and "market economy"are important categories in economic philosophy, among which the relations are difficult to articulate, to which a main obstacle is that socialist construction has not been fully-developed. Aristotle's theory about "four causes" is helpful to inquiry into the relation among three categories above-mentioned, according to which socialism and capitalism are different final causes, market is formal cause; market economy as formal cause respectively serves socialism and capitalism as final cause. Fundamentally speaking, capitalism treats it as its aim to maximize infinitely the profit of capitalist,socialism should looks on it as its target to get great majority of the people universally happy, therefore difference in nature of two causes leads to different market economy as formal cause, because operational institution, interest subjects, service objects, etc, belonging to socialist market economy, are different from ones belonging to capitalism market economy. From actual appearances, because it is necessary to develop market economy whether to capitalism or to socialism, moreover there is violent impact between capitalist final cause and socialist one, a lot of disturbing factors come into being, which make it difficult to some extent to answer the question that how market as formal cause serves socialist final cause, namely, how market economy plays a part in socialist economic construction.
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)123-137
Number of pages15
Journal海派经济学
Volume14
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

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socialism
capitalist society
market economy
cause
market
Aristotle
economics
speaking
profit

Keywords

  • Capitalism
  • Socialism
  • Market Economy
  • Capital
  • Final Cause
  • Formal Cause
  • Efficient Cause
  • Material Cause

Cite this

目的因与形式因的张力:新形势下资本主义、社会主义与市场经济关系辨证. / 夏国军.

In: 海派经济学, Vol. 14, No. 4, 2016, p. 123-137.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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