人力资本何以可能:马克思和舒尔茨资本理论之比较

Translated title of the contribution: Why is the Human Capital Possible:a Comparative Study on the Capital Theory of Shultz and Marx

朱 必祥

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Abstract

Theodore. W. Shultz thought that the laborer have already become the capitalist because of the human capital value they owned. This was regarded mainly challenge to Marx's capital theory. The focus problems of the differences that relate to Marx's capital theory and human capital theory in our country academic circles are as follows a few problems:
(1) What relation is between the human capital and traditional capital concept? And where is the foundation that we can use the human capital concept? (2)How are the relations between human capital concept and Marx's concept of "labor force" and "variable capital"? (3) What social relation does the human capital reflect? And can or can't actually the worker become the capitalist as Shultz said because of human capital? The purpose of this paper is to answer these questions that why the study of human capital concept and theory are possible. This paper analyzed in comparison Shultz's human capital concept and Marx's capital theory with the guidance of the historical materialism view, and on the benchmark of the Marx's capital general and capital special theories analysis.. The basic conclusions of this paper are:
The first,the human capital concept was established on the foundation of "capital generality",the perfect and whole "capital general" category includes the human capital. The human capital concept on the capital generality is not in contradiction with Marx's opinion of capital general.
The second, human capital is not directly identical with "variable capital" but the variable capital representatives "labor power" in Marx's capital theory.
The third, Marx did not deny labor power can become" human capital", however the host are not workers but capitalists, this is extremely different with the human capital theory. The human capital theory evaded the capital social relation; Shultz has no "capital special" category on the meaning of Marx's.
The fourth, the writer drew forth the more general comprehension from the meaning of the particular production relation property which Marx’s "capital special" has contained. My comprehension is that the "capital special" indicated a right relation of capital to other production factors. According to this hypothesis, the writer argued that there is inevitability for the labor power human capitalization; under new history conditions we need re-examine the hypothesis of "capital and labor are two pole oppositions".

Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)101-115
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Economics of Shanghai School
Volume5
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

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Karl Marx
Comparative study
Human capital
Capital theory
Labor
Human capital theory
Workers
Social relations
Benchmark
Factors
Materialism
Capitalization
Guidance
Labor force

Keywords

  • human capital
  • capital general
  • capital special
  • Theodore.
  • W. Shultz
  • Karl Marx

Cite this

人力资本何以可能:马克思和舒尔茨资本理论之比较. / 朱必祥.

In: Journal of Economics of Shanghai School, Vol. 5, No. 3, 2007, p. 101-115.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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